The Hundred years’ war was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. It was fought primarily over claims by the English kings to the French throne and was punctuated by several brief and two lenghty periods of peace before it finally ended in the expulsion of the English from France, with the exception of the Calais Pale. Thus, the war in fact a series of conflicts and is commonly divided into three or four phases: the Edwardian war /1337-1360/, the Caroline war /1369-1389/, the Lancastrian war /1415-1429/ and the slow decline of English fortune after the appearance of Joan of Arc /1412-1431/. Several other contemporary European conflicts were directly related to the conflict between England and France: the Breton war of Succession, the Castillian Civil war, and the war of the two Peters. The term “Hundred years’ war” was a later historical term invented by historians to describe the series of events.
Open hostilities broke out as French ships began scouting coastal settlements on the Channel and in 1337 Philip reclaimed the Gascon fief, citing feudal law and saying that Edward had broken his oath /a felony/ by not attending to the needs and demands of his lord. Edward III responded by saying he was in fact the rightful heir to the French throne, and on All Saints’ Day, Henry Burhersh, Bishop of Lincoln, arrived in Paris with the defiance of the king of England. War had been declared.
In addition, it was really interesting to me that the period of the Hundred Years’ War, what the Mongolians were doing at this time. In the 13th century, Mongolians had conquered a lot of European countries and with this conquest, they were connected by traditions and cultures many famous generals appeared this time. Therefore, Mongolians had good relations to European countries. Among them the Mongolians were sending letter to the Pope. And I’m sure, maybe that the Mongolians had good relationships to England.
By the war, England gained so much development, so Mongolians did too. Mongolians were being developed at the same time. I was interested about that history and emphasized.
However, my topic is about the hundred years’ war I want to talk about the war significance. The war is one of the worst thing in human beings history. But it gave great development to the world history.
By the conquest of England, France had lost many of her bravest men and her bravest woman Joan of Arc. Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundies in 1430 and later sold to the English and burned her.
The term “Women’s Participation” came to the light with the bravest action made by a French pheasant girl, Joan of Arc during the hundred years’ war.
The UK participation in Iraq seems like they support violation, but from the other angle, they are helping to maintain democracy and human rights in Iraq.
By this I mean, the war is the worst thing in human history, people kill each other and many historical art effects are destroyed and never be recovered.
But it has two sides:
The war owes it’s historical significance to a number of factors. Though primarily a dynastic conflict, the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and England nationality. Milotarily, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics, which eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry.
For all this, as well as for it’s long duration, it is often viewed as one of the most significant conflicts in the history of medieval warfare. In France, the English invasion, civil wars, deadly epidemics, famines and marauding mercenary armies turned to banditry reduced the population by two-thirds.